Unveiling the Dragon: A Comprehensive Guide to Gaudí’s Casa Batlló in Barcelona and its Iconic Dragon Iconography

the eerie and glamorous facade of Casa Batlló

# Dragon Iconography: Guide To Gaudí’s Casa Batlló In Barcelona

## Summary

Welcome to our comprehensive guide to Casa Batlló, the renowned architectural masterpiece in Barcelona. Designed by the creative genius Antoni Gaudí, this Modernist gem showcases a whimsical organic design with undulating facades, colorful mosaics, and imaginative interiors. Casa Batlló is a must-visit for lovers of Modernist architecture and those exploring the Gaudí trail in Barcelona. In this guide, we will provide an overview of the history of the building and highlight the key features to see at this stunning UNESCO site.

## History of Casa Batlló: The Block of Discord

Casa Batlló is situated on the prestigious Passeig de Gràcia in Barcelona’s Manzana de la Discordia, also known as the “Block of Discord.” The name originates from a Greek legend about discord. The Greek gods were invited to a wedding, excluding the goddess of discord, Eris. In retaliation, Eris crashed the wedding and threw a golden apple inscribed with “kallisti,” meaning “for the fairest,” into the crowd. This led to a fierce competition among the goddesses, ultimately won by Aphrodite.

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Similarly, on the Manzana block, there were three beautiful Modernist buildings competing for the title of the fairest. Casa Batlló emerged as the winner, with its unique design inspired by the Catalan legend of Sant Jordi and the Dragon. According to the legend, a terrifying dragon plagued Barcelona, and to appease it, the citizens offered one person per day as a sacrifice. St. George, a chivalrous knight, came to the rescue and slew the dragon, freeing the city and its inhabitants. This legend is celebrated annually with a festival on April 23, and Casa Batlló is adorned with roses for the occasion.

## Casa Batlló: Gaudí’s Dragon Creation

Built in 1900, Casa Batlló was originally a pre-existing building purchased by Josep Batlló y Casanovas, a wealthy textile industrialist. He hired Gaudí in 1903 to remodel the structure, giving the architect full creative freedom. Gaudí transformed the building with a new facade, roof, and interior, adopting the Art Nouveau style prevalent in Barcelona at the time. The result was an extreme curvilinear version of Art Nouveau, which quickly gained popularity and was recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1984.

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## Guide To Casa Batlló: What To See

When visiting Casa Batlló, be sure to explore both the iconic facade and the interior. The facade is a masterpiece of design, featuring a kaleidoscope of blue, mauve, and green tiles. Gaudí employed the technique of Trencadís, using irregular and broken pieces of ceramic, glass, marble, and stone to create abstract mosaics. This technique not only adds to the aesthetic value of the building but also showcases Gaudí’s commitment to sustainability.

Inside Casa Batlló, you’ll find a wealth of architectural elements and imaginative details. The guided tour will provide you with a comprehensive understanding of the building’s history and significance. Highlights include the Noble Floor, the building well, and the rooftop terrace, offering stunning views of Barcelona.

## Conclusion

Casa Batlló is a testament to Gaudí’s creative brilliance and remains a top attraction in Barcelona. Its dragon-inspired design and incorporation of dragon iconography make it a truly unique and captivating architectural masterpiece. A visit to Casa Batlló is an opportunity to immerse yourself in Gaudí’s imaginative world and experience the beauty of Modernist architecture.

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### FAQs

**Q:** Does Casa Batlló offer guided tours?
**A:** Yes, guided tours are available at Casa Batlló to provide visitors with a comprehensive understanding of the building’s history and architectural features.

**Q:** What is Trencadís?
**A:** Trencadís is a technique used by Gaudí to create abstract mosaics on the facade of Casa Batlló. It involves using irregular and broken pieces of ceramic, glass, marble, or stone to cover the surface, adding to the building’s aesthetic value.

### Final Thought

A visit to Casa Batlló will transport you into the whimsical world of Antoni Gaudí. This architectural masterpiece showcases the genius of his designs and his ability to seamlessly blend art and architecture. Don’t miss the opportunity to explore Casa Batlló and witness the dragon iconography that makes it such a captivating landmark in Barcelona.

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